Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria overcoming the body's defences in the urinary tract. They can affect the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that run between them. Diabetes, poor personal hygiene, blocked flow of urine, kidney stones, pregnancy and menopause will increase the chance of getting UTI.
However, there are several measures that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing a UTI. Such as, drink lots of water and urinate frequently, avoid fluids such as alcohol and caffeine that can irritate the bladder, wipe from front to back after urinating and bowel movement, keep the genital area clean, avoid using any perfumed products in the genital area and lastly, wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing to keep the area around the urethra dry.